Rare Antique Medical Book Benjamin Rush Medical Inquiries and Observations 1793. Title page is torn and is missing all but the Publishers name and the date The first full page is Preface III All other pages are Intact Leather Cover has corner wear, edge rubbing Pages are supple and mostly bright with some spotting First and last page have a name could be the first owners A Text Copy of this volume can be found at the Evans tcp Evans Early American Imprint Collection Book Title is : Medical inquiries and observations. Professor of the institutes of medicine, and of clinical practice in the University of Pennsylvania. Dobson, at the stone-house, no.
Benjamin Rush January 4, 1746 O. December 24, 1745 April 19, 1813 was a Founding Father of the United States.Rush lived in the state of Pennsylvania and was a physician, writer, educator, humanitarian, as well as the founder of Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Rush signed the Declaration of Independence and attended the Continental Congress. He served as Surgeon General in the Continental army, and was blamed for criticising George Washington. Later in life, Rush became a professor of chemistry, medical theory, and clinical practice at the University of Pennsylvania.
Rush was a leader of the American Enlightenment, and an enthusiastic supporter of the American Revolution. He signed the Declaration of Independence, and was a leader in Pennsylvania's ratification of the Constitution in 1788. He was prominent in many reforms, especially in the areas of medicine and education. He opposed slavery, advocated free public schools, and sought improved education for women and a more enlightened penal system.
As a leading physician, Rush had a major impact on the emerging medical profession. As an Enlightenment intellectual, he was committed to organizing all medical knowledge around explanatory theories, rather than rely on empirical methods. Rush argued that illness was the result of imbalances in the body's physical system and was caused by malfunctions in the brain. His approach prepared the way for later medical research, but Rush himself undertook none of it. He promoted public health by advocating clean environment and stressing the importance of personal and military hygiene.
His study of mental disorder made him one of the founders of American psychiatry. Rush was one of the first people to describe Savant Syndrome. In 1789 he described the abilities of Thomas Fuller, a lightning calculator. His observation would later be described in other individuals by notable scientists like John Langdon Down. Rush pioneered the therapeutic approach to addiction.Prior to his work, drunkenness was viewed as being sinful and a matter of choice. Rush believed that the alcoholic loses control over himself and identified the properties of alcohol, rather than the alcoholic's choice, as the causal agent.
He developed the conception of alcoholism as a form of medical disease and proposed that alcoholics should be weaned from their addiction via less potent substances. In honor of his service to mental health, the American Psychiatric Association uses Dr. Rush's image as part of their seal.
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